(GMT+7)
Climate change is a human rights issue – and that's how we can solve it 24/04/2012, 11:22:52 PM (GMT+7)

(Guardian)-Global climate-change talks often resemble the scene of a traffic accident. Multiple voices shout each other down in a bid to tell their own version of events. What is the real damage, how quickly must it be repaired, and who should foot the bill?

deforestation in Sumatra

Human rights issue ... deforestation in Sumatra. Photograph: Ulet Infansasti/AFP/Getty

But the real concern is not that the debate is congested and gridlocked; it is that the current clamour masks a deeper failing, namely to identify an honest starting point. In Prosperity Without Growth, the economist Tim Jackson convincingly expounds the myth of "absolute decoupling" of emissions from economic growth. The growth of emissions can be slowed, relative to the growth rate of the economy. However, emissions cannot conceivably be stalled or reversed while the economy continues to expand, however great the carbon-saving technologies of the coming years.
 

If our political processes cannot conceive of a non-growth future, and yet a fundamental rethink of growth is the only honest starting point for the fight against climate change, then those political processes are clearly not fit for purpose.
 

Does this mean that democracy has failed, and must be sacrificed for authoritarian solutions? The solution may in fact be the polar opposite. A system where failing governance procedures are forced to think long-term does not necessarily require anti-democratic "climate tzars". Instead, this revolution can be hyper-democratic and guided by human rights.
 

Climate change represents an enormous threat to a whole host of human rights: the right to food, the right to water and sanitation, the right to development. There is therefore huge scope for human rights courts and non-judicial human rights bodies to treat climate change as the immediate threat to human rights that it is. Such bodies could therefore take government policy to task when it is too short-sighted, too unambitious, or too narrowly focused on its own constituents at the expense of those elsewhere. Fossil fuel mining, deforestation, the disturbance of carbon sinks, and the degradation of the oceans are developments that can be blocked on human rights grounds.
 

Human rights bodies can, and must, increasingly play this reactive role at the local level, in order to ward off the multitude of developments that simultaneously violate human rights and aggravate climate change. But that will not suffice. They must also become proactive and holistic in warding off human rights violations, and by extension, the advance of climate change at the global level.
 

Where human rights deficits are detected, governments are required to put monitoring systems in place. They must also improve coordination within government, encourage the participation of all stakeholders – especially the most vulnerable – and define the responsibilities of institutions and set deadlines by which the human right in question must be met . In short, they must adopt multi-year strategies towards the fulfilment of human rights and increase the political cost of not moving fast enough.
 

This approach is, in fact, also ideal for tackling climate change. Underlying it is the idea that the market cannot move in the direction of sustainability without a framework providing the right incentives. According to the UNCTAD's World Investment Report 2010: Investing in a low-carbon economy, $400bn (£250bn) would be required every year between from 2010-2015 to make the shift to a low-carbon economy, and this figure could climb to £1,300bn a year by 2030.
 

Nothing less than a huge effort mobilising public investment and, through appropriate incentives, private funds, will be needed. This will not happen by chance. It can only happen by design. It requires a sustained effort across a number of years, to promote new, cleaner technologies in industry, to develop renewable sources of energy, and to shift to more sustainable consumption patterns. And it demands a comprehensive approach, to ensure for instance that governments which encourage renewable energy do not simultaneously outsource their food and energy production to palm oil plantations or soy-fed livestock farming, which drives deforestation in other parts of the world.
 

Human rights bodies must now invoke this approach and apply it directly to climate change, obliging governments to present them with long-term strategies that can achieve significant reductions in carbon emissions and move towards low-carbon societies.
 

Crucially, the legislative and executive branches would be obliged to adopt a strategy, but its precise content would not be prejudged. Meanwhile, human rights bodies would be acting well within their remit by requiring that any such strategy be at least in conformity with the international undertakings of the state.
 

By working in this direction, human rights bodies would help overcome the problems of delivering collective action that are currently an obstacle to the progress of the global warming negotiations held under the UNFCCC. They would move towards imposing a duty to cooperate, on the basis of the universal declaration of human rights.

News
2014 on track to be hottest year on record No time to lose for climate change action We can meet 2C climate target – and here's how, say energy experts Support programme on climate change response amended Vietnam follows low-carbon growth strategy to battle climate change
Other News
Climate change affects children Detailed plans needed to fight off the effects of climate change Rising sea levels threaten central region's coastline Natural disasters out of control Extreme weather becoming more common Failure to deal with ethics will make climate engineering ‘unviable’ Climate infrastructure needed Climate change and air pollution will combine to curb food supplies World breaks temperature record for June after hottest May New study investigates the impact of climate change on malaria
Focus
Quality of environmental service industry remains 22/10/2014, 05:17:16 PM (VietNamNet Bridge)-The environmental service industry has not developed well over the last five years, even though state management agencies have said many times that they would strictly enforce the Environmental Protection Law and slap heavy sanctions on violators.
2014 on track to be hottest year on record 21/10/2014, 04:41:51 PM (Theguardian)-The world is on course for this to be the hottest year ever, with global land and sea temperatures for September the highest ever recorded for the month, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said on Monday.
Even indoors isn't safe from harmful air pollution 20/10/2014, 01:40:52 PM (VNS)-Nguyen Van Dat and his family had recently moved into a new condo in Trung Hoa, Cau Giay District in Ha Noi when they started to experience breathing difficulties and headaches.
Exhaust fumes choke big cities 18/10/2014, 11:37:34 AM (VNS)-Associate Professor Nguyen Le Ninh, a member of the Advisory Board on Science – Technology – Environment, talks to Dai Doan Ket (Great Unity) newspaper about measures to cut motorbike exhaust fumes.
New rules govern discarded products 17/10/2014, 02:01:26 PM (VNS)-Discarded phones and tablets are among waste products that will be retrieved and processed from January 1, 2015, under a decision taken by Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung.
Most viewed
2014 on track to be hottest year on record 21/10/2014, 04:41:51 PM (Theguardian)-The world is on course for this to be the hottest year ever, with global land and sea temperatures for September the highest ever recorded for the month, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said on Monday.
Quality of environmental service industry remains poor despite tax breaks 22/10/2014, 05:17:16 PM (VietNamNet Bridge)-The environmental service industry has not developed well over the last five years, even though state management agencies have said many times that they would strictly enforce the Environmental Protection Law and slap heavy sanctions on violators.
HOME  |  ABOUT VFEJ  |  NEWS  |  ENVIRONMENT  |  CLIMATE CRISIS  |  BIODIVERSITY  |  SCIENCE - TECHNOLOGY  |  HEALTH  |  
© Copyright 2007-2011 Vfej.vn
Designed and developed by Ovem!Software
Management Agency: Vietnam Forum of Environmental Journalists
Address: 22/A2, Lane 49, Linh Lang Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi-Vietnam
Tel: (84-4) 37628933 - Fax: (84-4) 37628933
Publishing License: No. 513/GP-BC issued on 22/11/2007
nâng mũi hàn quốc, may photocopy, thẩm mỹ hàn quốc, răng sứ, implant, thợ mộc tại hà nội, nâng ngực thẩm mỹ